WHAT IS PERCOCET ?
Percocet is the brand version for the combination of Oxycodone, a semi-synthetic opiate derived from the opium alkaloid thebaine, and acetaminophen, a non-salicylate and non-opiate analgesic and an antipyretic. Apart from the active ingredients, Percocet tablets contain inactive ingredients microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, crospovidone, croscarmellose sodium, colloidal silicon dioxide, stearic acid, and pregelatinized starch.
Percocet treats moderate to severe pain. It acts on the neurotransmitter GABA (Gamma Amino Butyric Acid) receptors to relief the pain sensations. Percocet boosts the GABA in the brain and changes the way the body feels the pain.
WHAT SHOULD I AVOID WHILE TAKING PERCOCET?
Read the complete medication guide, which comes with Percocet, if available. There are several things which you should avoid while you are on Percocet medication.
Do not eat grapefruit or drink the grapefruit juice while taking Percocet as the grapefruit may increase the side effects of the medication.
Percocet makes you dizzy or drowsy. Avoid consuming alcohol, marijuana, and any alcoholic beverage while taking the medication. It can make you even more drowsy. Never drive or do anything that needs alertness if you are taking alcohol or marijuana with Percocet as it can cause falls, accidents, or severe injuries.
Avoid taking any other medication that contains acetaminophen while taking Percocet. The overdose of acetaminophen can be fatal.
WHAT OTHER DRUGS WILL AFFECT PERCOCET ?
Taking concurrent medications at the same time can be life-threatening. Consult your doctor before taking Percocet if you are taking simultaneous medicines. Several other drugs affect the Percocet causing severe side effects or fatal overdosing. The drugs that affect Percocet most frequently include:
- Asthma or COPD medication
- Cold or allergy medicines
- Diuretic (water pill)
- Other narcotic medications
- Medication for motion sickness
- Irritable bowel syndrome or overactive bladder medications
- Sedatives like diazepam, alprazolam, Xanax, lorazepam, and others
- Sleeping pills
- Muscle relaxers
- Mental illness medication
- Medicines affecting serotonin levels in your body
- Medication for Parkinson’s disease and migraine
- Infection, nausea or vomiting medications
POSSIBLE SIGNS OF PERCOCET ADDICTION
Percocet has various side effects. One of the most dangerous impacts of Percocet is the addiction to the medication. Percocet addiction can be fatal. Like other narcotics, Percocet also creates dependence, which leads to addiction and abuse. The persons addicted to the Percocet can show the following social signs of addiction:
- A desperate need for the drug
- Taking medication without a prescription
- Stealing medication
- Forging the prescription
- Frequent request for a new prescription
- Visiting multiple doctor or pharmacies to get the drug or prescription easily
- Appearing high
- Unusual excitement
- Appearing sedated or excessively tired.
The symptoms of Percocet addiction include:
- Excessive sweating
- Mood swings
- Difficulty sleeping
- Too much sleep
- Slower breathing rate
- Low blood pressure
- Loss of coordination.
Percocet addiction can cause serious health problems. Dependence of Percocet can increase the person’s risk for choking and slow down the breathing leading to entirely stopping the respiration. The overdose leads to coma and even death in the worst cases.
Percocet addicted person is more likely to use other addictive drugs. The combination of addiction drugs can be lethal.
The addiction to Percocet can adversely affect personal relationships and work performance. People involved in the addiction and abuse of drugs engage in risky behaviors or criminal activities.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS:
- Addiction, abuse, and misuse:
Percocet is a morphine-like opioid agonist. The risk of abuse, misuse, or diversion is very high. Percocet causes addiction, which leads to drug abuse. People addicted to Percocet tend to abuse and diverse the drug. Take the medication exactly as prescribed by the doctor to avoid dependence and addiction.
- Respiratory Depression:
Oxycodone, an active ingredient of Percocet tablets, causes a higher possibility of respiratory depression, like all other opioids. The opioid non-tolerant, elderly, and debilitated patients are at a higher risk of slowdown respiration. Give Percocet with extreme caution to the patients of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), preexisting respiratory impairment, and cor pulmonale. Even at regular doses, Percocet causes a life-threatening decrease in respiration in such patients.
Percocet can cause severe hypotension in patients having depleted blood volume. In ambulatory patients, Oxycodone produces orthostatic hypotension.
Administer Percocet with caution for the patients in circulatory shock, since Oxycodone produces the vasodilation, which may further decrease cardiac output and blood pressure.
Acetaminophen causes acute liver failure, leading to liver transplant ad, even death in some instances. Most of the liver injury cases are due to the use of more than 4000 milligrams of acetaminophen per day.
The risk of liver failure is even more in the patients having basal liver disease or the patients taking Percocet and alcohol at the same time.
Do not take more than 400 grams of acetaminophen in a single day, even if you do not have any history of alcohol consumption or liver diseases.
Hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis are common problems associated with the use of acetaminophen. Do not take Percocet if you have an allergy to acetaminophen or if you notice any signs of hypersensitivity such as vomiting, pruritus, rashes, urticaria, respiratory distress, or swelling of throat, mouth, or face.
The drug interaction can change the way how a medication works and can also cause severe side effects. Percocet interacts with more than 500 drugs. Some of the standard drugs that interact with Percocet are:
- Cannabis (Marijuana)
- Macrodile antibiotics
Percocet is an opioid pain-killer helpful in relieving moderate to severe pain. But it can cause addiction if you do not take it exactly as prescribed. Percocet has a high potential for abuse, addiction, and misuse.
Do not take Percocet if you are allergic to it or any of its active or inactive ingredients. Never take more than 400 grams of acetaminophen a day. If you see any signs of allergy, such as rashes or difficulty breathing, immediately consult your doctor.
Consult your doctor for adjusting or stopping the doses. Do not abruptly quit taking Percocet. Gradually decrease the dosage of the medication to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
Do not take alcohol, any other sedatives, or CNS (Central Nervous System) depressants while you are on Percocet medication.
Pregnant women and feeding mothers should consult their doctor before taking Percocet as the medication can have adverse effects or withdrawal symptoms on the unborn or new-born baby.